Finden Sie perfekte Stock-Fotos zum Thema Martina Navratilova sowie redaktionelle Newsbilder von Getty Images. Wählen Sie aus erstklassigen Inhalten. Martina Navratilova ist eine ehemalige Tennisspielerin. Geboren in der Tschechoslowakei, nahm sie mit dem Abschluss ihres Asylverfahrens in den Vereinigten Staaten die US-Staatsbürgerschaft an. Seit Januar ist sie zudem tschechische. 18 Grand-Slam-Titel, Wochen als Nummer eins der Weltrangliste, Einzeltitel: Martina Navratilova gilt als eine der besten Tennissspielerinnen aller.
Martina Navratilova - „Djokovic glaubt, er tut das Richtige, aber …“Martina Navratilova hat in diesen Tagen viel Redebedarf. Was damit zu tun hat, dass die frühere Nummer eins der Tennis-Welt auch politisch sehr engagiert ist. Finden Sie perfekte Stock-Fotos zum Thema Martina Navratilova sowie redaktionelle Newsbilder von Getty Images. Wählen Sie aus erstklassigen Inhalten. Martina Navratilova ist eine ehemalige Tennisspielerin. Geboren in der Tschechoslowakei, nahm sie mit dem Abschluss ihres Asylverfahrens in den Vereinigten Staaten die US-Staatsbürgerschaft an. Seit Januar ist sie zudem tschechische.
Navratilova Quick Facts VideoMartina Navratilova v Chris Evert: Wimbledon Final 1978 (Extended Highlights) Players Martina Navratilova. InMartina Navratilova was named by Www.Superrtl Now.De Forum as one of their 31 Icons of the LGBT History Month. The Power of Courage and the Liberation of Limitations. Navratilova reached 11 consecutive Captain America Reihenfolge singles finals, second all-time only to Steffi Graf 's 13, and is the only woman ever Emily Sky reach 19 consecutive major semifinals. February 20,
Over five consecutive seasons, she won out of singles matches, averaging fewer than three losses per year to 87 wins, for a sustained winning percentage of She holds the best season win-loss record in the Open Era, She recorded the longest winning streak in the Open Era 74 consecutive matches as well as three out of the six longest winning streaks in history.
She and Serena Williams are the only Open Era players to have won six major singles crowns without the loss of a set. Navratilova, Margaret Court and Maureen Connolly share the record for the most consecutive major singles titles six.
Navratilova reached 11 consecutive major singles finals, second all-time only to Steffi Graf 's 13, and is the only woman ever to reach 19 consecutive major semifinals.
Navratilova also won the season-ending WTA Tour Championships for top ranked players a record eight times and made the finals a record 14 times.
She is the only player of either sex to have won eight different tournaments at least seven times. Navratilova is regarded by many to be the greatest female tennis player of all time.
In women's doubles, Navratilova and Pam Shriver had one of the most successful partnerships in history and won consecutive matches  including all four major titles, the doubles Grand Slam, in The pair set an all-time record of 79 titles together and tied the record set by Louise Brough Clapp and Margaret Osborne duPont of 20 major women's doubles titles as a team.
Navratilova also won the WTA Tour Championships doubles title a record 11 times. She is one of only five tennis players of all-time to win a multiple slam set in two disciplines, matched only by Margaret Court, Roy Emerson , Frank Sedgman and Serena Williams.
Navratilova won her last major title in , adding the mixed doubles crown at the US Open to her resume just a few weeks before her 50th birthday, 32 years after her first Grand Slam title in Originally from Czechoslovakia, she was stripped of her citizenship  when, in at age 18, she asked the United States for political asylum and was granted temporary residence.
Navratilova has a younger sister, Jana,  and an older paternal half-brother. When Navratilova was four, she was hitting a tennis ball off a concrete wall and started to play tennis regularly at age seven.
In , aged 16, she made her debut on the United States Lawn Tennis Association professional tour but did not turn professional until Although perhaps most renowned for her mastery of fast low-bouncing grass, her best early showing at majors was on the red clay at the French Open , where she would go on to reach the final six times.
In , she made the quarterfinals where she lost 6—7, 4—6 to Evonne Goolagong. Navratilova won her first professional singles title in Orlando , Florida in , at the age of Upon arriving in the United States, Navratilova first lived with former Vaudeville actress, Frances Dewey Wormser , and her husband, Morton Wormser, a tennis enthusiast.
Navratilova was the runner-up at two major singles tournaments in ; the Australian Open won by Goolagong and the French Open won by Chris Evert in three sets.
After losing to Evert in the semifinals of the US Open in September, the year-old Navratilova went to the offices of the Immigration and Naturalization Service in New York City and informed them that she wished to defect from Communist Czechoslovakia.
They teamed again in to win the Wimbledon women's doubles title over Billie Jean King and Bette Stove. Navratilova won her first major singles title at Wimbledon in , where she defeated Evert in three sets in the final and captured the world No.
Navratilova successfully defended her Wimbledon title in , again beating Evert in the final in straight sets, and earned the World No. Just before Wimbledon in , Navratilova and Evert played possibly the highest scoring women's professional match ever in the Eastbourne final, in which Evert edged Navratilova 7—5, 5—7, after facing match points herself.
In April , Evert defeated Navratilova in the finals of the Women's Tennis Association championships, held on clay at Amelia Island , 6—0, 6—0.
It was Navratilova's only professional double bagel loss one she later avenged with a crushing 6—2, 6—0 defeat of Evert in the finals of the same Amelia Island event in It was at this point that Navratilova began working with Nancy Lieberman to improve her fitness and toughen her mental approach to better compete with Evert and fulfil her true potential.
Navratilova also defeated Evert to reach the final of the US Open, where she lost a third set tiebreak to Tracy Austin. Navratilova won both Wimbledon and the French Open in After adopting basketball player Nancy Lieberman 's exercise plan and using Yonex isometric midsize graphite-fiberglass composite racquets, Navratilova became the most dominant player in women's tennis.
After losing in the fourth round of the first major event of , the French Open , she captured the year's three remaining major titles the Australian Open was held in December at that time.
Navratilova's loss at the French Open was her only singles defeat during that year, during which she established an 86—1 record.
Her winning percentage was the best ever for a post professional tennis player. During , , and , Navratilova lost a total of only six singles matches.
Navratilova's reign from to is the most dominant unbroken spell in the professional era. Navratilova won the French Open, thus holding all four major singles titles simultaneously.
Her accomplishment was declared a "Grand Slam" by Philippe Chatrier , president of the International Tennis Federation , although some tennis observers countered that it was not a true slam because the titles had not been won in a single calendar year.
Navratilova extended her major singles tournament winning streak to a record-equalling six following wins at Wimbledon and the US Open.
Navratilova's victory meant she became the first player to win majors on clay, grass and hard court on the same year. She entered the Australian Open with a chance of winning all four titles in the same year.
A left-hander, Navratilova completed a calendar grand slam in women's doubles in , partnering right-handed Pam Shriver , a tall and talented player whose most noted stroke was a slice forehand, a shot virtually unheard of in the game today.
This was part of a record match winning streak that the pair achieved between and Navratilova was ranked the world No.
From through , Navratilova reached the women's singles final at all 11 major tournaments held during those three years, winning six of them.
From through , she reached the Wimbledon final nine consecutive times. She reached the US Open final five consecutive times from through and appeared in the French Open final five out of six years from through In , Navratilova played in what many consider to be perhaps the best woman's match of all time, the French Open final against Chris Evert.
Navratilova battled back from 3—6, 2—4 down to all in the third set, before Evert hit a winning backhand passing shot on match point to defeat Navratilova 6—3, 6—7 4 , 7—5.
This was a major turnaround for Evert, who was so outmatched the year earlier in the final that Bud Collins remarked as a TV commentator that the sport needed to create a higher league for Navratilova to compete in.
In outdoor matches against Evert, Navratilova led 10—5 on grass and 9—7 on hardcourts, while Evert was up 11—3 on clay. On indoor courts, however, Navratilova had a decisive 21—14 lead.
At the end of what is widely regarded as the greatest rivalry in women's tennis, Navratilova led Evert 43—37 in total matches, 14—8 in Grand Slams and 10—4 in Grand Slam finals.
In at the U. Open, Navratilova prevailed over sixteen-year-old German Steffi Graf in a close semi-final winning 6—1, , ,  before handily winning the final over Helena Sukova 6—3, 6—2.
Navratilova, with partner Pam Shriver, also won the women's doubles title. Graf dominated the first half of the season including defeating Navratilova in straight sets in the semi-finals of the Miami Open and in the final of the French Open, 6—4, 4—6, 8—6.
However, Navratilova defeated Graf in straight sets in the finals of both Wimbledon and the US Open and at the US Open became only the third player in the Open Era, joining tennis legends Margaret Court and Billie Jean King, to win the women's singles, women's doubles, and mixed doubles at the same event—the rare " Triple Crown ".
Navratilova reached all four Grand Slam finals in , winning two of them she lost the Australian Open to Hana Mandlikova. Graf's two losses to Navratilova were her only losses of the year and with 11 tournament wins over the year versus 4 for Navratilova she was able to obtain year-end world No.
Graf eventually broke Navratilova's records of consecutive weeks and total weeks as the world No. In , Graf won all four major singles titles, beating the year-old Navratilova 5—7, 6—2, 6—1 in the Wimbledon final, their only match of the year, recovering from a set and a break down.
In , Graf and Navratilova met in the finals of both Wimbledon and the US Open, with Graf winning both encounters 6—1 in the third set. Graf also defeated Navratilova in the finals of the WTA Tour Championships their third and final match of the year.
Navratilova, who skipped the French Open that year, did win eight titles and was able to capture the No. Despite the 13 year age difference between the two players, and Graf's comparative lack of investment in doubles and mixed doubles, Navratilova won 9 of the 18 career singles matches with Graf and 5 of the 9 major singles matches with her.
At age 34, Navratilova defeated Graf the last time they played in a major in the semifinals of the US Open 7—6 2 , 6—7 6 , 6—4, to end their Grand Slam rivalry up, although it is noteworthy that all 4 of Graf's Grand Slam victories over Navratilova came in the finals of a Slam.
This is reflected in the Grand Slams Finals chart below. Navratilova's final Grand Slam singles triumph was in In the final at Wimbledon, the year-old Navratilova swept Zina Garrison 6—4, 6—1 to claim an all-time record ninth Wimbledon singles crown.
She won four other tournaments that year, although she did not participate in the Australian or French Opens, and finished the year ranked No.
Though that was her last major singles title, Navratilova reached two additional major singles finals during the remainder of career: in , she lost in the US Open final to the new world No.
In November that year, after losing to Gabriela Sabatini in the first round of the WTA Tour Championships , she retired from full-time competition on the singles tour.
In , Navratilova returned to the tour to mostly play doubles events, while rarely also playing singles.
In her first singles performance in eight years, at Eastbourne in , she beat world No. In , she won the mixed doubles titles at both the Australian Open and Wimbledon, partnering Leander Paes.
This made her the oldest ever major champion aged 46 years, 8 months. The Australian Open victory made her the third player in history to complete a "boxed set" of major titles by winning the singles, women's doubles, and mixed doubles at all four majors.
The Wimbledon win allowed her to equal Billie Jean King's record of 20 Wimbledon titles in singles, women's doubles, and mixed doubles combined and extended her overall number of major titles to 58 second only to Margaret Court, who won On Thursday, July 6, , Navratilova played her last matches at Wimbledon, with partner Liezel Huber losing a quarterfinal match in women's doubles to fourth seeds and eventual champions Yan Zi and Zheng Jie , and later in the same day with partner Mark Knowles losing in the third round of mixed doubles to eventual champions Andy Ram and Vera Zvonareva.
In an interview, Navratilova was quoted as saying, "People keep saying that, but it so wasn't. I just wanted to win one more title here, period.
Navratilova capped off her career by winning the mixed doubles title, her 41st major doubles title 31 in women's doubles and 10 in mixed doubles and th overall, at the US Open with American doubles specialist Bob Bryan.
At the time, she was only about a month shy of her 50th birthday and broke her own record as the oldest ever major champion aged 49 years, 10 months.
Navratilova won top-level singles titles more than any other player in the open era and doubles titles. Her last title in women's doubles came on August 21, , at the Tier I Rogers Cup in Montreal , Quebec, Canada, where she partnered Nadia Petrova.
Navratilova won 18 major singles titles: nine at Wimbledon, four at the US Open, three at the Australian Open, and two at the French Open.
Her overall record in 67 major singles events was —49 —14 at Wimbledon, 89—17 at the US Open, 51—11 at the French Open, and 46—7 at the Australian Open.
Some observers argue that the very few singles matches she played in her forties should be counted separately in her career statistics.
She is the only player to have won at least one tour event for 21 consecutive years and won the singles and doubles at the same event a record 84 times.
She was ranked in the world top 3 in singles for 15 years between and Her career singles match win total of 1, is the most during the open era.
In September , the year-old Navratilova played year-old Jimmy Connors in the third Battle of the Sexes tennis match at Caesars Palace in Paradise , Nevada.
Connors was allowed only one serve per point and Navratilova was allowed to hit into half the doubles court. Connors won 7—5, 6—2.
Navratilova had an attacking serve and volley. Evert said that "Martina revolutionized the game by her superb athleticism and aggressiveness She brought athleticism to a whole new level with her training techniques — particularly cross-training, the idea that you could go to the gym or play basketball to get in shape for tennis.
Throughout her long career, Navratilova had many coaches. In , Navratilova released an autobiography, co-written with The New York Times sports columnist George Vecsey , titled Martina in the U.
Her rivalry and friendship with Evert is also detailed in the book, The Rivals by Johnette Howard and the children's book, Martina and Chrissie by Phil Bildner.
In , shortly after becoming a United States citizen, Navratilova gave an interview to New York Daily News sports reporter Steve Goldstein , coming out as bisexual and revealing that she had a sexual relationship with Rita Mae Brown ,  but asked him not to publish the article until she was ready to come out publicly.
From to , Navratilova had a long-term relationship with Judy Nelson , whom she met at a tournament in Fort Worth in We strive for accuracy and fairness.
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Rachel McKinnon, who last year became the first transgender woman to win a world track cycling title, called the comments "disturbing, upsetting and deeply transphobic".
In its statement, Athlete Ally said Navratilova's comments were "transphobic, based on a false understanding of science and data, and perpetuate dangerous myths that lead to the ongoing targeting of trans people through discriminatory laws, hateful stereotypes and disproportionate violence".
It added: "This is not the first time we have approached Martina on this topic. In late December, she made deeply troubling comments across her social media channels about the ability for trans athletes to compete in sport.
We reached out directly offering to be a resource as she sought further education, and we never heard back.