Rap und HipHop - darüber berichten wir 24 Stunden am Tag, 7 Tage die Woche. Schnell, kompetent und kritisch. Unterhaltsam sowieso. Als Teildisziplin des HipHop gehört Rapmusik zur dominanten Kultur der Gegenwart. Von ihren Anfängen in den New Yorker Armutsvierteln der er Jahre. As a language learner, listening to rap is beneficial since the syllables tend to not be as drawn out as in other musical genres. Depending on the rapper, the.
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MC has also recently been accepted to refer to all who engineer music. In addition to party raps, rappers also tend to make references to love and sex.
Love raps were first popularized by Spoonie Gee of the Treacherous Three , and later, in the golden age of hip hop, Big Daddy Kane, Heavy D , and LL Cool J would continue this tradition.
Hip-hop artists such as KRS-One, Hopsin , Public Enemy, Lupe Fiasco , Mos Def , Talib Kweli , Jay-Z, Nas, The Notorious B.
Biggie , and dead prez are known for their sociopolitical subject matter. Their West Coast counterparts include The Coup , Paris, and Michael Franti.
Tupac Shakur was also known for rapping about social issues such as police brutality , teenage pregnancy , and racism. Other rappers take a less critical approach to urbanity, sometimes even embracing such aspects as crime.
Schoolly D was the first notable MC to rap about crime. Ice-T was one of the first rappers to call himself a "playa" and discuss guns on record, but his theme tune to the film Colors contained warnings against joining gangs.
Gangsta rap , made popular largely because of N. A , brought rapping about crime and the gangster lifestyle into the musical mainstream.
Various politicians, journalists, and religious leaders have accused rappers of fostering a culture of violence and hedonism among hip-hop listeners through their lyrics.
Others have praised the "political critique, innuendo and sarcasm" of hip-hop music. In contrast to the more hedonistic approach of gangsta rappers, some rappers have a spiritual or religious focus.
Christian rap is currently the most commercially successful form of religious rap. With Christian rappers like Lecrae , Thi'sl and Hostyle Gospel winning national awards and making regular appearances on television, Christian hip hop seem to have found its way in the hip-hop family.
Artists such as Rakim , the members of the Wu-Tang Clan, Brand Nubian , X-Clan and Busta Rhymes have had success in spreading the theology of the Five Percenters.
Rappers use the literary techniques of double entendres , alliteration , and forms of wordplay that are found in classical poetry.
Similes and metaphors are used extensively in rap lyrics; rappers such as Fabolous and Lloyd Banks have written entire songs in which every line contains similes, whereas MCs like Rakim, GZA , and Jay-Z are known for the metaphorical content of their raps.
Rappers such as Lupe Fiasco are known for the complexity of their songs that contain metaphors within extended metaphors.
Many hip-hop listeners believe that a rapper's lyrics are enhanced by a complex vocabulary. Kool Moe Dee claims that he appealed to older audiences by using a complex vocabulary in his raps.
Some artists, like the Wu-Tang Clan, develop an entire lexicon among their clique. African-American English has always had a significant effect on hip-hop slang and vice versa.
Certain regions have introduced their unique regional slang to hip-hop culture, such as the Bay Area Mac Dre , E , Houston Chamillionaire , Paul Wall , Atlanta Ludacris , Lil Jon , T.
The Nation of Gods and Earths , aka The Five Percenters, has influenced mainstream hip-hop slang with the introduction of phrases such as "word is bond" that have since lost much of their original spiritual meaning.
Preference toward one or the other has much to do with the individual; GZA, for example, prides himself on being very visual and metaphorical but also succinct, whereas underground rapper MF DOOM is known for heaping similes upon similes.
In still another variation, 2Pac was known for saying exactly what he meant, literally and clearly. Rap music's development into popular culture in the s can be accredited to the album Niggaz4life by artists Niggaz With Attitude , the first rap group to ever take the top spot of the Billboard's Top in , in the United States.
As rap has developed to become more of a presence in popular culture, it has focused itself on a particular demographic, adolescent and young adults.
The effects of rap music on modern vernacular can be explored through the study of semiotics. Semiotics is the study of signs and symbols, or the study of language as a system.
Through Barthes' semiotic theory of language and myth, it can be shown that rap music has culturally influenced the language of its listeners, as they influence the connotative message to words that already exist.
As more people listen to rap, the words that are used in the lyrics become culturally bound to the song, and then are disseminated through the conversations that people have using these words.
Most often, the terms that rappers use are pre-established words that have been prescribed new meaning through their music, that are eventually disseminated through social spheres.
Neosemanticisms are forgotten words that are often brought forward from subcultures that attract the attention of members of the reigning culture of their time, then they are brought forward by the influential voices in society — in this case, these figures are rappers.
Rapper E initially uses the word "broccoli" to refer to marijuana, on his hit track Broccoli in With the rise in technology and mass media, the dissemination of subcultural terms has only become easier.
Dick Hebdige , author of Subculture: The Meaning of Style , merits that subcultures often use music to vocalize the struggles of their experiences.
It is here that lyrics can be categorized as either historically influenced or more commonly considered as slang. Common themes from rap are anti-establishment and instead, promote black excellence and diversity.
Niggaz With Attitude embodies this notion by using it as the first word of their influential rap group name. There are two kinds of freestyle rap : one is scripted recitation , but having no particular overriding subject matter, the second typically referred to as "freestyling" or "spitting", is the improvisation of rapped lyrics.
When freestyling, some rappers inadvertently reuse old lines, or even "cheat" by preparing segments or entire verses in advance.
Therefore, freestyles with proven spontaneity are valued above generic, always usable lines. Battle rapping , which can be freestyled, is the competition between two or more rappers in front of an audience.
The tradition of insulting one's friends or acquaintances in rhyme goes back to the dozens , and was portrayed famously by Muhammad Ali in his boxing matches.
According to Kool Moe Dee, a successful battle rap focuses on an opponent's weaknesses, rather than one's own strengths. Television shows such as MTV 's DFX and BET 's and Park host weekly freestyle battles live on the air.
Battle rapping gained widespread public recognition outside of the African-American community with rapper Eminem's movie 8 Mile. The strongest battle rappers will generally perform their rap fully freestyled.
This is the most effective form in a battle as the rapper can comment on the other person, whether it be what they look like, or how they talk, or what they wear.
It also allows the rapper to reverse a line used to "diss" him or her if they are the second rapper to battle.
This is known as a "flip". Jin The Emcee was considered "World Champion" battle rapper in the mids. Throughout hip hop's history, new musical styles and genres have developed that contain rapping.
Blige , reggaeton Daddy Yankee , or even Japanese dance music Soul'd Out. UK garage music has begun to focus increasingly on rappers in a new subgenre called grime which emerged in London in the early s and was pioneered and popularized by the MC Dizzee Rascal.
Increased popularity with the music has shown more UK rappers going to America as well as tour there, such as Sway DaSafo possibly signing with Akon 's label Konvict.
Hyphy is the latest of these spin-offs. It is typified by slowed-down atonal vocals with instrumentals that borrow heavily from the hip-hop scene and lyrics centered on illegal street racing and car culture.
Another Oakland, California group, Beltaine's Fire, has recently gained attention for their Celtic fusion sound which blends hip-hop beats with Celtic melodies.
Unlike the majority of hip-hop artists, all their music is performed live without samples, synths, or drum machines, drawing comparisons to The Roots and Rage Against the Machine.
Bhangra , a widely popular style of music from Punjab, India has been mixed numerous times with reggae and hip-hop music. The most popular song in this genre in the United States was " Mundian to Bach Ke" or "Beware the Boys " by Panjabi MC and Jay-Z.
Although "Mundian To Bach Ke" had been released previously, the mixing with Jay-Z popularized the genre further.
Although the majority of rappers are male, there have been a number of female rap stars, including Lauryn Hill , MC Lyte , Lil' Kim , Missy Elliott , Queen Latifah , Da Brat , Eve , Trina , Nicki Minaj , Khia , M.
There is also deaf rap artist Signmark. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Rap disambiguation. This article is about rapping as a technique or activity.
For more information on the music genre, see Hip hop music. Vocal technique used with spoken or chanted rhyming lyrics.
See also: African-American music , Music of the United States , History of poetry , Jamaican music , and Talking blues. Gotta Let You Go.
Joe Hill Louis 's song "Gotta Let You Go" is an early example of rapping in blues. The Memphis Jug Band , an early blues group, whose lyrical content and rhythmic singing predated rapping.
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United States portal. The Urban Ethnography Reader. Oxford University Press. Rap Music and Street Consciousness. University of Illinois Press.
From Def Jam to Super Rich. Twenty First Century Books. Hip Hop Africa: New African Music in a Globalizing World. Indiana University Press.
The Western Journal of Black Studies. Rhythm and Blues, Rap, and Hip-Hop American Popular Music. Checkmark Books.
Retrieved February 2, Retrieved January 27, How to Rap 2: Advanced Flow and Delivery Techniques , Chicago Review Press, p.
Retrieved December 21, Archived from the original on January 11, Archived from the original on March 24, Digitopia Blues.
Banff Centre Press. The New York Times. June 9, These lyrics were placed over rough, rock guitar-driven beats, contributing to the music's hard-edged feel.
The first blockbuster gangsta rap album was N. A's Straight Outta Compton , released in Straight Outta Compton would establish West Coast hip hop as a vital genre, and establish Los Angeles as a legitimate rival to hip hop's long-time capital, New York City.
Straight Outta Compton sparked the first major controversy regarding hip hop lyrics when their song " Fuck tha Police " earned a letter from FBI Assistant Director, Milt Ahlerich, strongly expressing law enforcement 's resentment of the song.
Controversy surrounded Ice-T's album Body Count , in particular over its song " Cop Killer ". The song was intended to speak from the viewpoint of a criminal getting revenge on racist, brutal cops.
Ice-T's rock song infuriated government officials, the National Rifle Association and various police advocacy groups.
Ice-T suggested that the furor over the song was an overreaction, telling journalist Chuck Philips " But I don't hear anybody complaining about that.
But nobody wants a black man to write a record about a cop killer. The subject matter inherent in gangsta rap more generally has caused controversy.
The White House administrations of both George H. Bush and Bill Clinton criticized the genre. What started out as an underground art form has become a vehicle to expose a lot of critical issues that are not usually discussed in American politics.
The problem here is that the White House and wanna-bes like Bill Clinton represent a political system that never intends to deal with inner city urban chaos," Sister Souljah told The Times.
A, gangsta rap is often viewed as a primarily West Coast phenomenon, despite the contributions of East Coast acts like Schoolly D and Boogie Down Productions in shaping the genre.
In , Public Enemy 's Fear of a Black Planet was a significant success with music critics and consumers.
Thompson of Time wrote that hip hop "has grown into the most exciting development in American pop music in more than a decade. It was 10 years ago that the Sugarhill Gang 's " Rapper's Delight " became the first rap single to enter the national Top Who ever figured then that the music would even be around in , much less produce attractions that would command as much pop attention as Public Enemy and N.
Occasional records—including Grandmaster Flash 's " The Message " in and Run-DMC 's " It's Like That " in —won critical approval, but rap, mostly, was dismissed as a passing fancy—too repetitious, too one dimensional.
Yet rap didn't go away, and an explosion of energy and imagination in the late s leaves rap today as arguably the most vital new street-oriented sound in pop since the birth of rock in the s.
In , while working with the hip house group Snap! The "Six Elements of the Hip Hop Movement" are: Consciousness Awareness, Civil Rights Awareness, Activism Awareness, Justice, Political Awareness, and Community Awareness in music; Savage is known as the Son of the Hip Hop Movement.
MC Hammer hit mainstream success with the multi platinum album Please Hammer, Don't Hurt 'Em. The record reached 1 and the first single, " U Can't Touch This " charted on the top ten of the Billboard Hot MC Hammer became one of the most successful rappers of the early nineties and one of the first household names in the genre.
The album raised rap music to a new level of popularity. It was the first hip-hop album certified diamond by the RIAA for sales of over ten million.
It also reached number one in the UK, Australia among others and has been credited for helping diversify hip hop by introducing it to a mainstream audience.
Dre released The Chronic. As well as helping to establish West Coast gangsta rap as more commercially viable than East Coast hip hop,  this album founded a style called G Funk , which soon came to dominate West Coast hip hop.
The style was further developed and popularized by Snoop Dogg 's album Doggystyle. However, hip hop was still met with resistance from black radio, including urban contemporary radio stations.
Russell Simmons said in , "Black radio [stations] hated rap from the start and there's still a lot of resistance to it". Record labels based out of Atlanta , St.
Louis , and New Orleans also gained fame for their local scenes. The midwest rap scene was also notable, with the fast vocal styles from artists such as Bone Thugs-n-Harmony , Tech N9ne , and Twista.
By the end of the decade, hip hop was an integral part of popular music, and many American pop songs had hip hop components.
The East Coast—West Coast hip hop rivalry was a feud from to between artists and fans of the East Coast hip hop and West Coast hip hop scenes in the United States, especially from to Focal points of the feud were East Coast-based rapper The Notorious B.
This rivalry started before the rappers themselves hit the scene. Because New York is the birthplace of hip-hop, artists from the West Coast felt as if they were not receiving the same media coverage and public attention as the East Coast.
Eventually both artists were fatally shot following drive-by shootings by unknown assailants in and , respectively. In the early s East Coast hip hop was dominated by the Native Tongues posse, which was loosely composed of De La Soul with producer Prince Paul , A Tribe Called Quest , the Jungle Brothers , as well as their loose affiliates 3rd Bass , Main Source , and the less successful Black Sheep and KMD.
Although originally a "daisy age" conception stressing the positive aspects of life, darker material such as De La Soul's thought-provoking "Millie Pulled a Pistol on Santa" soon crept in.
Artists such as Masta Ace particularly for SlaughtaHouse , Brand Nubian , Public Enemy , Organized Konfusion , and Tragedy Khadafi had a more overtly-militant pose, both in sound and manner.
In , the Wu-Tang Clan 's Enter the Wu-Tang 36 Chambers revitalized the New York hip hop scene by pioneering an East Coast hardcore rap equivalent in intensity to what was being produced on the West Coast.
The success of albums such as Nas 's Illmatic and Notorious B. In a March issue of The Source Magazine , Nas referred to as "a renaissance of New York [City] Hip-Hop.
Wu-Tang solo albums such as Raekwon the Chef 's Only Built 4 Cuban Linx , Ghostface Killah 's Ironman , and GZA 's Liquid Swords are now viewed as classics along with Wu-Tang "core" material.
The clan's base extended into further groups called "Wu-affiliates". Producers such as DJ Premier primarily for Gang Starr but also for other affiliated artists, such as Jeru the Damaja , Pete Rock with CL Smooth , and supplying beats for many others , Buckwild , Large Professor , Diamond D , and Q-Tip supplied beats for numerous MCs at the time, regardless of location.
Albums such as Nas's Illmatic , O. Life , and Jay-Z 's Reasonable Doubt are made up of beats from this pool of producers.
The rivalry between the East Coast and the West Coast rappers eventually turned personal. The mid to late s saw a generation of rappers such as the members of D.
On the East Coast, although the "big business" end of the market dominated matters commercially the late s to early s saw a number of relatively successful East Coast indie labels such as Rawkus Records with whom Mos Def and Talib Kweli garnered success and later Def Jux.
The history of the two labels is intertwined, the latter having been started by EL-P of Company Flow in reaction to the former, and offered an outlet for more underground artists such as Mike Ladd , Aesop Rock , Mr Lif , RJD2 , Cage and Cannibal Ox.
Other acts such as the Hispanic Arsonists and slam poet turned MC Saul Williams met with differing degrees of success. After N. The Chronic took West Coast rap in a new direction,  influenced strongly by P funk artists, melding smooth and easy funk beats with slowly-drawled lyrics.
This came to be known as G-funk and dominated mainstream hip hop in the early-mid s through a roster of artists on Suge Knight 's Death Row Records , including Tupac Shakur , whose double disc album All Eyez on Me was a big hit with hit songs " Ambitionz az a Ridah " and " 2 of Amerikaz Most Wanted "; [ citation needed ] and Snoop Doggy Dogg , whose Doggystyle included the top ten hits " What's My Name?
Detached from this scene were other artists such as Freestyle Fellowship and The Pharcyde , as well as more underground artists such as the Solesides collective DJ Shadow and Blackalicious amongst others , Jurassic 5 , Ugly Duckling , People Under The Stairs , Tha Alkaholiks , and earlier Souls of Mischief , who represented a return to hip hop's roots of sampling and well-planned rhyme schemes.
In the s, hip hop began to diversify with other regional styles emerging on the national scene. Southern rap became popular in the early s.
On That Other Level in , the Rick Rubin produced The Geto Boys in , and We Can't Be Stopped in Atlanta hip hop artists were key in further expanding rap music and bringing southern hip hop into the mainstream.
Releases such as Arrested Development 's 3 Years, 5 Months and 2 Days in the Life Of Other distinctive regional sounds from St.
Louis , Chicago, Washington D. During the golden age, elements of hip hop continued to be assimilated into other genres of popular music.
The first waves of rap rock , rapcore , and rap metal — respective fusions of hip hop and rock , hardcore punk , and heavy metal  — became popular among mainstream audiences at this time; Run-DMC, the Beastie Boys, and Rage Against the Machine were among the most well-known bands in these fields.
In Hawaii , bands such as Sudden Rush combined hip hop elements with the local language and political issues to form a style called na mele paleoleo.
Digable Planets ' release Reachin' A New Refutation of Time and Space was an influential jazz rap record sampling the likes of Don Cherry , Sonny Rollins , Art Blakey , Herbie Mann , Herbie Hancock , Grant Green , and Rahsaan Roland Kirk.
It spawned the hit single " Rebirth of Slick Cool Like Dat " which reached 16 on the Billboard Hot During the late s, in the wake of the deaths of Tupac Shakur and The Notorious B.
However, the rise of Sean "Puff Daddy" Combs's Bad Boy Records , propelled by the massive crossover success of Combs's ensemble album No Way Out , signaled a major stylistic change in gangsta rap and mainstream hip hop in general , as it would become even more commercially successful and popularly accepted.
Also achieving similar levels of success at this time were Master P and his No Limit label in New Orleans ; Master P built up a roster of artists the No Limit posse based out of New Orleans, and incorporated G funk and Miami bass influences in his music.
The New Orleans upstart Cash Money label was also gaining popularity during this time,  with emerging artists such as Birdman , Lil Wayne , B. G , and Juvenile.
Many of the rappers who achieved mainstream success at this time, such as Nelly , Puff Daddy, Jay-Z , the later career of Fat Joe and his Terror Squad , Mase , Ja Rule , Fabolous , and Cam'ron , had a pop -oriented style, while others such as Big Pun , Fat Joe in his earlier career , DMX , Eminem , 50 Cent and his G-Unit , and The Game enjoyed commercial success at this time with a grittier style.
Although white rappers like the Beastie Boys , House of Pain , and 3rd Bass previously had some popular success or critical acceptance from the hip hop community, Eminem's success, beginning in with the platinum The Slim Shady LP ,  surprised many.
Kelly , Akon , TLC , Destiny's Child , Beyonce , Ashanti , Aliyah , Usher , neo soul e. Lauryn Hill , Erykah Badu , Jill Scott , and nu metal e.
Korn , Limp Bizkit. Dre remained an important figure in this era, making his comeback in with the album In , he produced The Marshall Mathers LP by Eminem , and also produced 50 Cent 's album Get Rich or Die Tryin' , which debuted at number one on the U.
Billboard charts. As his career progressed, he went from performing artist to entrepreneur, label president, head of a clothing line, club owner, and market consultant—along the way breaking Elvis Presley 's record for most number one albums on the Billboard magazine charts by a solo artist.
Alternative hip hop , which was introduced in the s and then declined, resurged in the early-mid s with the rejuvenated interest in indie music by the general public.
The genre began to attain a place in the mainstream, due in part to the crossover success of artists such as OutKast , Kanye West , and Gnarls Barkley.
It also won a Grammy Award for Album of the Year at the 46th Annual Grammy Awards , being only the second rap album to do so. Previously, alternative hip hop acts had attained much critical acclaim, but received relatively little exposure through radio and other media outlets; during this time, alternative hip hop artists such as MF Doom ,  The Roots , Dilated Peoples , Gnarls Barkley, Mos Def , and Aesop Rock   began to achieve significant recognition.
Glitch hop and wonky music evolved following the rise of trip hop , dubstep and intelligent dance music IDM.
Both glitch hop and wonky music frequently reflect the experimental nature of IDM and the heavy bass featured in dubstep songs.
While trip hop has been described as being a distinct British upper-middle class take on hip-hop, glitch-hop and wonky music have much more stylistic diversity.
Both genres are melting pots of influence. Glitch hop contains echoes of s pop music, Indian ragas , eclectic jazz and West Coast rap. Los Angeles, London, Glasgow and a number of other cities have become hot spots for these scenes, and underground scenes have developed across the world in smaller communities.
Both genres often pay homage to older and more well established electronic music artists such as Radiohead , Aphex Twin and Boards of Canada as well as independent hip hop producers like J Dilla and Madlib.
Glitch hop is a fusion genre of hip hop and glitch music that originated in the early to mids in the United States and Europe.
Musically, it is based on irregular, chaotic breakbeats , glitchy basslines and other typical sound effects used in glitch music, like skips.
Glitch hop artists include Prefuse 73 , Dabrye and Flying Lotus. Wonky is a subgenre of hip hop that originated around , but most notably in the United States and United Kingdom, and among international artists of the Hyperdub music label, under the influence of glitch hop and dubstep.
Wonky music is of the same glitchy style as glitch hop, but it was specifically noted for its melodies, rich with "mid-range unstable synths".
Scotland has become one of the most prominent wonky scenes, with artists like Hudson Mohawke and Rustie.
Glitch hop and wonky are popular among a relatively smaller audience interested in alternative hip hop and electronic music especially dubstep ; neither glitch hop nor wonky have achieved mainstream popularity.
However, artists like Flying Lotus , The Glitch Mob and Hudson Mohawke have seen success in other avenues. Flying Lotus's music has earned multiple positive reviews on the independent music review site Pitchfork.
Hudson Mohawke is one of few glitch hop artists to play at major music festivals such as Sasquatch!
Music Festival. Crunk is a regional hip hop genre that originated in Tennessee in the southern United States in the s, influenced by Miami bass.
One of the pioneers of crunk, Lil Jon , said that it was a fusion of hip hop, electro , and electronic dance music.
The style was pioneered and commercialized by artists from Memphis, Tennessee and Atlanta , Georgia , gaining considerable popularity in the mids via Lil Jon and the Ying Yang Twins.
Looped, stripped-down drum machine rhythms are usually used. The Roland TR and are among the most popular. The drum machine loops are usually accompanied by simple, repeated synthesizer melodies and heavy bass "stabs".
The tempo of the music is somewhat slower than hip-hop, around the speed of reggaeton. The focal point of crunk is more often the beats and instrumental music rather than the lyrics.
Crunk rappers, however, often shout and scream their lyrics, creating an aggressive, almost heavy, style of hip-hop. While other subgenres of hip-hop address sociopolitical or personal concerns, crunk is almost exclusively "party music", favoring call and response hip-hop slogans in lieu of more substantive approaches.
Snap rap also known as ringtone rap is a subgenre of crunk that emerged from Atlanta , Georgia in the late s. Tracks commonly consist of a Roland TR bass drum , hi-hat , bass , finger snapping , a main groove , and a simplistic vocal hook.
Hit snap songs include " Lean wit It, Rock wit It " by Dem Franchize Boyz , " Laffy Taffy " by D4L , " It's Goin' Down " by Yung Joc , and " Crank That Soulja Boy " by Soulja Boy Tell 'Em.
In retrospect, Soulja Boy has been credited with setting trends in hip hop, such as self-publishing his songs through the Internet which helped them go viral and paving the way for a new wave of younger artists.
Starting in , sales of hip hop music in the United States began to severely wane, leading Time magazine to question if mainstream hip-hop was "dying.
Other journalists say the music is just as popular as it ever was, but that fans have found other means to consume the music,  such as illegally downloading music through P2P networks, instead of purchasing albums and singles from legitimate stores.
For example, Flo Rida is known for his low album sales regardless of his singles being mainstream and having digital success.
His second album R. This also happened to him in For example, there are only four samples used in 's Paper Trail by T.
The decrease in sampling is in part due to it being too expensive for producers. In Byron Hurt 's documentary Hip Hop: Beyond Beats and Rhymes , he claims that hip hop had changed from "clever rhymes and dance beats" to "advocating personal, social and criminal corruption.
In the first half of alone artists such as Eminem ,  Rick Ross ,  The Black Eyed Peas ,  and Fabolous  all had albums that reached the 1 position on the Billboard charts.
Eminem's album Relapse was one of the fastest selling albums of By the late s, alternative hip hop had secured its place within the mainstream, due in part to the declining commercial viability of gangsta rap.
Industry observers view the sales race between Kanye West's Graduation and 50 Cent 's Curtis as a turning point for hip hop.
West emerged the victor, selling nearly a million copies in the first week alone, proving that innovative rap music could be just as commercially viable as gangsta rap, if not more so.
While his decision to sing about love, loneliness, and heartache for the entirety of the album was at first heavily criticized by music audiences and the album was predicted to be a flop, its subsequent critical acclaim and commercial success encouraged other mainstream rappers to take greater creative risks with their music.
That's where I'm at right now. I wanna make the most experimental album I ever made. The alternative hip hop movement was not limited only to the United States, as rappers such as Somali -Canadian poet K'naan , Japanese rapper Shing02 , and Sri Lankan British artist M.
In , Time magazine placed M. A in the Time list of "World's Most Influential people" for having "global influence across many genres.
Due in part to the increasing use of music distribution through social media and blogging , many alternative and non-alternative rappers found acceptance by far-reaching audiences, hence why this era of hip hop is sometimes termed the "blog era".
Emerging artists at the time such as Wale , Kendrick Lamar ,  J. Cole , Lupe Fiasco , The Cool Kids , Jay Electronica , and B.
B were noted by critics as expressing eclectic sounds, sensitive life experiences, and vulnerable emotions that were rarely seen in the prior bling era.
Also at this time, the Auto-Tune vocal effect was bolstered in popularity by rapper T-Pain , who elaborated on the effect and made active use of Auto-Tune in his songs.
Trap music is a subgenre of Southern rap that originated in the early s. It grew in the s to become a mainstream sensation,  eventually reaching ubiquity in the mid-late s and frequently having songs top the Billboard hip hop charts.
Major artists to arise from the genre in the s include Waka Flocka Flame , Future , Chief Keef , Migos , Young Thug , Travis Scott , Kodak Black , 21 Savage , Yung Lean , Lil Uzi Vert , XXXTentacion , Ski Mask the Slump God , Juice Wrld , Trippie Redd , Lil Pump , Smokepurpp , Rae Sremmurd , Tekashi 6ix9ine , NBA YoungBoy , Lil Baby , Fetty Wap , among others.
Female rappers Cardi B and Megan Thee Stallion also entred the mainstream. Trap artists that originated in the s were able to recapture mainstream success in the s with the rise of trap, including 2 Chainz , Gucci Mane and Juicy J , becoming more successful in the latter part of their career than when they debuted.
Trap producers to reach mainstream success include Metro Boomin , London on da Track , and Mike WiLL Made-It. Critics of the trap genre have used the term " mumble rap " to describe the heavily auto-tuned, and sometimes hard to understand, delivery of verses from a majority of the artists.
It's different. The standards are different, the criteria that's taken into consideration in determining validity is different. We're at a point in history where lyricism almost comes last in very many regards.
The rise of streaming platforms such as Spotify and Apple Music in the mid-late s greatly impacted the entire music business as a whole.
In , Drake released a free streaming-only project titled More Life , which he called a " playlist ", insisting that it was neither a mixtape nor an album.
The online audio distribution platform SoundCloud played a massive role in the creation of various artists' careers in the latter half of the s.
Mainstream acts to start on SoundCloud include Post Malone , Lil Uzi Vert , Russ , Bryson Tiller , Lil Xan , Lil Pump , Lil Peep , Lil Skies , Smokepurpp , Ski Mask the Slump God , XXXTentacion , Trippie Redd , Playboi Carti , YBN Nahmir , Tay-K , ZillaKami , Ugly God , NAV among others.
These songs are usually closely related to trap, but have also been labeled separately as SoundCloud rap.
They have been characterized as usually having moody, sad undertones, and usually feature lo-fi rough production. The genre has been met with much criticism for its low effort in lyrics and production,  and the problematic nature of the artists to arise from it, such as Lil Peep's drug abuse that led to his death,  the multiple assault charges to XXXTentacion,  6ix9ine pleading guilty to using a child in a sexual performance,  and the murder charges on Tay-K.
Hip-hop music has reached the cultural corridors of the globe and has been absorbed and reinvented around the world.
Hip hop has globalized into many cultures worldwide, as evident through the emergence of numerous regional scenes.
It has emerged globally as a movement based upon the main tenets of hip hop culture. The music and the art continue to embrace, even celebrate, its transnational dimensions while staying true to the local cultures to which it is rooted.
Hip-hop's impact differs depending on each culture. Still, the one thing virtually all hip hop artists worldwide have in common is that they acknowledge their debt to those African-American people in New York who launched the global movement.
Latinos and people from the Caribbean played an integral role in the early development of hip hop in New York, and the style spread to almost every country in that region.
Hip hop first developed in the South Bronx, which had a high Latino, particularly Puerto Rican, population in the s.
With Latino rap groups like Cypress Hill on the American charts, Mexican rap rock groups, such as Control Machete , rose to prominence in their native land.
In many Latin American countries, as in the U. Hip hop grew steadily more popular in Cuba in the s and s through Cuba's Special Period that came with the fall of the Soviet Union.
When hip-hop emerged, the Cuban government opposed the vulgar image that rappers portrayed, but later accepted that it might be better to have hip-hop under the influence of the Ministry of Culture as an authentic expression of Cuban Culture.
Black and indigenous people in Latin America and Caribbean islands have been using hip hop for decades to discuss race and class issues in their respective countries.
Brazilian hip hop is heavily associated with racial and economic issues in the country, where a lot of Afro-Brazilians live in economically disadvantaged communities, known in Brazil as favelas.
Some notable artists include Racionais MC's , Thaide, and Marcelo D2. One of Brazil's most popular rappers, MV Bill , has spent his career advocating for black youth in Rio de Janeiro.
Reggaeton , a Puerto Rican style of music, has a lot of similarities with U. Both were influenced by Jamaican music , and both incorporate rapping and call and response.
In Venezuela, social unrest at the end of the s and beginning of the s coincided with the rise of gangsta rap in the United States and led to the rise of that music in Venezuela as well.
Venezuelan rappers in the s generally modeled their music after gangsta rap, embracing and attempting to redefine negative stereotypes about poor and black youth as dangerous and materialistic and incorporating socially conscious critique of Venezuela's criminalization of young, poor, Afro-descended people into their music.
In Haiti , hip hop developed in the early s. Master Dji and his songs "Vakans" and "Politik Pa m" are mostly credited with the rise of Haitian hip hop.
Haitian hip hop has recently become a way for artists of Haitian backgrounds in the Haiti and abroad to express their national identity and political opinions about their country of origin.
In the Dominican Republic , a recording by Santi Y Sus Duendes and Lisa M became the first single of merenrap , a fusion of hip hop and merengue. In Europe, Africa, and Asia, hip hop began to move from the underground to mainstream audiences.
In Europe, hip hop was the domain of both ethnic nationals and immigrants. British hip hop , for example, became a genre of its own and spawned artists such as Wiley , Dizzee Rascal , The Streets and many more.
In the Netherlands, important nineties rappers include The Osdorp Posse , a crew from Amsterdam , Extince , from Oosterhout , and Postmen.
Italy found its own rappers, including Jovanotti and Articolo 31 , grow nationally renowned, while the Polish scene began in earnest early in the decade with the rise of PM Cool Lee.
In Romania , B. Mafia came out of Bucharest 's Pantelimon neighborhood, and their brand of gangsta rap underlines the parallels between life in Romania's Communist-era apartment blocks and in the housing projects of America's ghettos.
One of the countries outside the US where hip-hop is most popular is the United Kingdom. Grime , a genre of music derived from UK Garage and drum and bass and influenced by hip hop, emerged in the early s with artists such as Dizzee Rascal becoming successful.
Although it is immensely popular, many British politicians criticize the music for what they see as promoting theft and murder, similar to gangsta rap in America.
These criticisms have been deemed racist by the mostly Black British grime industry. Despite its controversial nature, grime has had a major effect on British fashion and pop music, with many young working-class youth emulating the clothing worn by grime stars like Dizzee Rascal and Wiley.
In Germany and France, gangsta rap has become popular among youths who like the violent and aggressive lyrics. Some German rappers openly or comically flirt with Nazism; for example, Bushido born Anis Mohamed Youssef Ferchichi raps "Salutiert, steht stramm, Ich bin der Leader wie A" Salute, stand to attention, I am the leader like 'A' and Fler had a hit with the record Neue Deutsche Welle New German Wave complete with the title written in Third Reich style Gothic print and advertised with an Adolf Hitler quote.
These references also spawned great controversy in Germany. In the Netherlands, MC Brainpower went from being an underground battle rapper to mainstream recognition in the Benelux , thus influencing numerous rap artists in the region.
In Israel , rapper Subliminal reaches out to Israeli youth with political and religious-themed lyrics, usually with a Zionist message.
In Asia, mainstream stars rose to prominence in the Philippines , led by Francis Magalona , Rap Asia, MC Lara and Lady Diane.
In Japan, where underground rappers had previously found a limited audience, and popular teen idols brought a style called J-rap to the top of the charts in the middle of the s.
Of particular importance is the influence on East Asian nations, where hip hop music has become fused with local popular music to form different styles such as K-pop , C-pop and J-pop.
Israel 's hip hop grew greatly in popularity at the end of the decade, with several stars both Palestinian Tamer Nafar and Israeli Subliminal.
In Portugal hip hop has his own kind of rapping, which is more political and underground scene, they are known for Valete , Dealema and Halloween.
Russian hip hop emerged during last years of Soviet Union and cemented later, with groups like Malchishnik and Bad Balance enjoying mainstream popularity in the s, while Ligalize and Kasta were popular in the s.
In former Yugoslavia hip hop first appeared during the s mostly with Serbian hip hop with performers such as B-boy , The Master Scratch Band , Badvajzer, and others.
During the late s hip hop had a boom, with Rambo Amadeus and later Beogradski sindikat becoming a major performer.
Bosnian and Herzegovinian hip hop is nowadays dominated by Edo Maajka. In the region hip hop is often used as a political and social message in song themes such as war, profiteering, corruption, etc.
Frenkie , another Bosnian rapper, is associated with Edo Maajka, and has collaborated beyond Bosnian borders. In Tanzania in the early s, local hip hop artists became popular by infusing local styles of Afrobeat and arabesque melodies, dancehall and hip-hop beats with Swahili lyrics.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Music genre consisting of a stylized rhythmic music that commonly accompanies rapping. For other uses, see Hip hop disambiguation.
Funk disco electronic music dub rhythm and blues reggae dancehall jazz  toasting performance poetry spoken word signifyin' the Dozens griots scat singing talking blues.
Rapping turntables DJ mixer drum machine music sequencer synthesizer keyboard. Big beat breakbeat breakbeat hardcore electro grime heavy hardcore  IDM neo soul oldschool jungle trip hop.
Further information: Sound system Jamaican. Further information: List of hip hop genres. Main article: New school hip hop.
Main article: Golden age hip hop. Main articles: Gangsta rap and West Coast hip hop. Many black rappers—including Ice-T and Sister Souljah—contend that they are being unfairly singled out because their music reflects deep changes in society not being addressed anywhere else in the public forum.
The white politicians, the artists complain, neither understand the music nor desire to hear what's going on in the devastated communities that gave birth to the art form.
Rap is the rock 'n' roll of the day. Rock 'n' roll was about attitude, rebellion, a big beat, sex and, sometimes, social comment.
If that's what you're looking for now, you're going to find it here. Main article: East Coast—West Coast hip hop rivalry. These graffiti arts are a tribute to East and West Coast rappers The Notorious B.
Main article: East Coast hip hop. Main article: West Coast hip hop. What once was rap now is hip hop, an endlessly various mass phenomenon that continues to polarize older rock and rollers , although it's finally convinced some gatekeeping generalists that it may be of enduring artistic value—a discovery to which they were beaten by millions of young consumers black and white.
Main articles: Glitch hop and Wonky music. Main article: Crunk. Main article: Snap music. Main articles: Trap music hip hop and Mumble rap.
Music portal United States portal. Merriam-Urban Jazz. Urban Jazz, Incorporated. Retrieved August 24, Retrieved November 25, Quote: "Honing a fusion of rock, pop, and rap which they dubbed 'grebo', the Poppies kickstarted a small revolution.
American Behavioral Scientist. Much scholarly effort has been devoted to hip-hop also known as rap music in the past two decades Olivia 50 Cent.
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